The pregnancy is an enormous joy, however, for some pregnant women, this period can be associated with feelings of fear, anxiety, sadness and even depression.
Pregnancy-related depression is about more than the postpartum depression. Clinical depression affects more women than men, and about 25% of women suffer at least a depression during your life, including pregnant women. Sometimes, due to hormonal changes, depression is not properly diagnosed during pregnancy. Depression is a disease, and diagnosis of this condition could end up being dangerous, not only for the mother, but also for the baby. However, there is hope, because depression can be treated even during pregnancy and, if you feel you may be suffering from this condition, the first step is to seek help.
Also nicknamed anteparto, this depression is a mood disorder such as depression clinic. Is a biological disease that involves a change of brain chemical. Because the hormones change during pregnancy, this change affects the brain chemistry, something that can be related to depression and anxiety. Pregnancy, in conjunction with the complicated problems that may exist in life, amplifies these symptoms.
Signs of Depression During Pregnancy
Feel at least 2 of these symptoms for more than 2 weeks, you may be clinically depressed:
- Persistent sadness
- Great difficulty concentrating
- Great difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
- Loss of interest in activities that usually loves to
- Recurring thoughts of death or suicide despair
- Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
- Changes in eating habits
Sometimes there are factors that can trigger depression, such as: romantic problems, family history of depression, infertility treatments, gestational loss (miscarriage), stressful situations, complications in pregnancy, history of abuse or trauma.
Depression Can Harm Baby
If a depression is left untreated, there are risks to the baby. A woman who is depressed most of the time, does not have the strength to take care of themselves and as a result of your baby. Untreated depression can lead to: poor nutrition, alcohol intake, smoking, suicidal behavior – which can lead to: premature birth, low baby weight and neurological and mental development problems. Babies that are born of women who are suffering a depression are usually less active, care less and are more irritable than babies born to mothers who have not suffered from depression during pregnancy. For all this and more, it is important to correctly diagnose and treat depression in maternity.
Treatment for Depression During Pregnancy
It is important that when you feel that you might be suffering from depression see your doctor or psychiatrist to talk to him about the symptoms and difficulties. The doctor consulted must talk and prescribe an appropriate treatment for your situation. Some treatments may include: psychotherapy and appropriate medication.
Medications to Treat Depression During Pregnancy
There is a great debate about the safety of ingesting antidepressants during pregnancy, and of the possible long-term effects for the baby. There are currently some research indicating that some type of medication used to treat depression may be linked with some problems in newborns as physical malformations, heart problems, pulmonary hypertension and low weight in the newborn baby.
However, everything depends on the severity of depression: If symptoms are more moderate, may be amenable to treatment with light therapy and psychotherapy. However, if a pregnant woman is severely depressed, is usually recommended a treatment of psychotherapy and antidepressant medication.
It is necessary to ensure that the medicines ingested during pregnancy are placenta and reach the baby. There is not enough information on what medicines are perfectly safe and which do not present any risk. But when it comes to treat depression, is a matter of assessing the risk/benefit, something that should be done by the doctor together with the psychiatrist. In this case, must be adopted a stance of prescribing a medication that provides the best outcome for the mother and the lowest risk to the baby. Ideally, there should be an assessment of your attending physician along with a psychiatrist. Ask all sorts of questions to both, including what kind of complications can bring medication to the baby, that long-term effects could mean the medication, if this medication can be linked to development problems in the future. It is necessary to take stock of the problems which may arise in future with the baby and that can happen during pregnancy due to lack of treatment for depression.
Natural Ways to Treat Depression During Pregnancy
Many women, due to the lack of large studies on the intake of antidepressants, try to explore treatments and alternative therapies during pregnancy, such as psychotherapy, drug therapy light, as well as more natural treatments like:
Physical exercise. Exercise raises serotonin levels, decreasing the levels of cortisol.
Rest. Lack of sleep affects not only the body physically, as the ability to deal with the challenges of everyday life as stress. It is necessary to have a sleep routine, always go to bed at the same time, sleep at least 8 hours and wake up at the same time.
Nutrition . Food rich in caffeine, sugar, processed carbohydrates, additives and a low level of protein are linked to poor mental and physical health. Remember to feed the body, is also feed the soul.
Acupuncture. New studies suggest that acupuncture may work in cases of depression in pregnant women.
Fatty Acids. Recent studies indicate that a daily supplement of Omega 3 fish oil can reduce the symptoms of depression. Pregnant women should take the version that does not contain mercury. Before you decide to take any supplement, consult the doctor.
Supplements. Vitamin B6, St. John’s wort, magnesium are some of the supplements that help improve mood and serotonin levels. Many of these add-ins cannot be used concomitantly with antidepressants, it is therefore necessary to consult the doctor before taking them.
Never attempt to manage depression alone. What your baby needs a healthy mother to care for him, even while he’s in the belly.