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Pennsylvania Tenant-Landlord Law

Pennsylvania Tenant-Landlord Law
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Federated state of the Northeastern USA, 117,348 km²; 12.440.621 ab. (2006 estimate), 106 residents/km², capital: Harrisburg. Borders: New York (N, NE), New Jersey (E), Delaware (SE), Maryland (S), West Virginia (SW), Ohio (W).

State Overview

The northern and western sectors of the territory, excluding a narrow flat strip overlooking Lake Erie, are part of the Allegheny plateau (Allegheny Plateau); this region of alteterre, engraved and dismembered by the rivers, is delimited to the SE by the Allegheny Front which overlooks the Great Appalachian Valley from W. The latter is dominated E by the Blue Mountains, which overlook Piedmont from W, from which it then passes to the Atlantic plain. The main rivers are Susquehanna, Delaware (which marks the entire border with New Jersey and partly that with the State of New York) and Ohio. The climate is continental, with hot summers and cold winters; rainfall varies from 900 to 1270 mm per year. The state had less than 500,000 inhabitants. in 1790 and had exceeded two million in the middle of the century. XIX; in the first decade of the century XX was at 7,600,000, in 1930 it was approaching 10,000. There are numerous cities and large centers (the capital, Harrisburg, Philadelphie, Pittsburgh, Erie, Scranton, Allentown, Connellsville, Reading, Bethlehem): most of them, developed mainly in relation to industry, are aligned along the rivers and the main roads and railways.

Economy

Agriculture (cereals, tobacco, vegetables, fruit, potatoes, soy), cattle breeding (cattle, pigs, sheep) and forestry exploitation still play an important role in the economy. In the past, Pennsylvania's greatest wealth was represented by subsoil products (especially coal); now the production of mines has significantly decreased and the energy needs of large industries are largely satisfied with imports. Other subsoil resources include oil, natural gas, iron and cobalt. The presence of raw materials led to a rapid and constant development of the industries: the iron and steel ones prevail, followed by mechanical, textile, clothing, petrochemical, food, tobacco and polygraphic industries.

History

Inhabited by Algonchini Indians, Swedish, Dutch and English hunters settled there in the first half of the seventeenth century. But the real colonization of the region began with the granting of vast areas of Pennsylvania made to the Quaker William Penn by Charles II of England in 1681. Originally conceived as a refuge for the Quakers persecuted, it became a center of religious tolerance, also notable for liberal politics towards the Indians. During the sec. XVIII its importance and that of its capital Philadelphia grew considerably, both economically, politically and culturally. There was also a strong population growth to which a large German immigration contributed. He played a leading role in preparing and carrying out the struggle for independence. Philadelphia was first the seat of the Continental Congress, then the Constitutional Convention (1787) and from 1790 to 1800 the federal capital, while the State was an important theater of war. Pennsylvania was Benjamin Franklin who contributed greatly with the work and thought to the political and cultural development of the United States. In 1780, under the impulse of a strong radical current, a law was passed under which no child born on its territory after that date could have been a slave. So gradually slavery was eradicated from Pennsylvania within a generation. Despite opposition from the radicals, he was among the first states to approve the federal constitution (1787). During the civil war he fought for the Union; the important battle of Gettysburg took place on its territory. During the sec. XIX developed industrially and Pittsburgh became the home of the country's most flourishing steel industry.

Bethlehem (Pennsylvania)

City ​​(104,000 residents) of the State of Pennsylvania (USA), 130 km ENE of Harrisburg, on the Lehigh River. Industrial center active in the steel, textile, chemical and metallurgical sectors, it is home to universities (Lehigh) and other cultural institutes. Airport.

Reading (Pennsylvania)

City ​​(78,400 residents) of the State of Pennsylvania (USA), 80 km NW of Philadelphia, 80 m on the Schuylkill River. Steel, mechanical, textile, chemical and glass industries. University. Military airport.

Allentown

City ​​(102,211 residents in 1996) of eastern Pennsylvania (USA), on the Lehigh River, 75 km N of Philadelphia. With the nearby centers of Bethlehem and Easton it forms a metropolitan area of ​​614,304 inhabitants. Allentown is a commercial and industrial center, active in the steel, mechanical, textile, cement, food and tobacco sectors. Founded in the 18th century, Northampton was called from 1811 to 1838. Airport.

Scranton

City ​​(81,800 residents) of the state of Pennsylvania (USA), 170 km NNW of Philadelphia, 221 m on the Lackawanna River, at its confluence with the Susquehanna River. Important node of road and railway communications, it is home to the mechanical, textile, electronic, plastics, chemical and construction materials industries. University (founded in 1888). Airport. Nearby, coal deposits.

Erie (city)

City ​​(105,270 residents in 1996) of the State of Pennsylvania (USA), on the southern shore of the lake of the same name, 130 km SW of Buffalo. Important communications center, it has an excellent commercial and fishing port and is home to important steel, paper, chemical, food and rubber industries. Airport.

Pittsburgh

City (340,520 residents in 1998; 2,361,000 residents the metropolitan area in 1997) of the State of Pennsylvania (USA), 530 km W of New York, 227 m at the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers, which together form l ' Ohio. "For the plan of the city see the lemma of the 15th volume." Its major demographic and economic development occurred in the first half of the century. XIX, following the opening of the Mississippi to commercial traffic, the exploitation of the rich coal deposits of the immediate surroundings and the possibility of bringing iron from the mining districts of the Great Lakesby river. The city expanded both in the confluence peninsula and along the two rivers upstream and especially along the left bank of the Monongahela and then downstream along the Ohio. With its satellite cities (Aliquippa, New Kensington, Wilkinsbourg, Washington and McKeesport) Pittsburgh is one of the top industrial poles in the United States; next to its famous steel plants, built at the beginning of the century. XX but still representing the economic base of the city, it has mechanical, shipbuilding, chemical, petrochemical, glass, electrotechnical, food and graphic industries. The city is also an important cultural center, home to the universities of Pittsburgh (1787), Duquesne (1878) and Carnegie-Mellon (1900), museums, colleges, theaters, schools and cultural institutions and boasts a famous symphony orchestra. Airport. § The first permanent settlement in the area was Fort Duquesne, built by the French in 1754; occupied by the British in 1759, it was renamed Fort Pitt. The settlement grew rapidly and in 1816 it gained status of cities. Important center on the West road, in the mid-nineteenth century developed a thriving coal and steel industry. In 1918 the city was the seat of the homonymous agreement between the representatives of the Czech and Slovak organizations in America.

Harrisburg

City ​​(53,300 residents) and capital of the State of Pennsylvania (USA), 140 km WNW of Philadelphia, 114 m on the left of the lower Susquehanna river. Important agricultural market, it is home to numerous industries, which operate in the food, steel, mechanical, chemical, textile and footwear sectors. Airport. § The first to settle there was, in 1715, the merchant John Harris, from which the original name of Harris' Ferry, changed to the current one in 1785, when it was properly founded as a city. In 1812 it became the capital of Pennsylvania.

Philadelphia (Pennsylvania)

City (1,517,550 residents In 2000; 6,188,463 residents The metropolitan area in 2000) of the State of Pennsylvania (USA), the largest in importance of the State and the fifth largest of the Confederation. It is located 160 km from the Atlantic coast, on the peninsula formed by the confluence of the Schuylkill river in Delaware, and in the central area (City Hall), located at the point where the two rivers come closest, retains the checkerboard plan desired by its founder. Over time, Philadelphia has been extending towards W and N (towards New York) along the right bank of the Delaware River and along the two banks of the Schuylkill River (in these areas, in particular, large gardens have been created). The conurbation Philadelphia includes 8 counties, 5 in Pennsylvania and 3 in New Jersey. The main center of the so-called "Ruhr of America", Philadelphia is favored by the proximity of the coal fields of the Appalachians, by the availability of electricity supplied by the " Fall Line” And the navigability of Delaware, accessible also to large tonnage vessels. All this has created the best conditions for the development of grandiose industrial complexes: each branch is represented, but the steel industry (steel mills in general and, in particular, railway and shipbuilding), textiles (knitwear factories), chemicals are of particular importance, petrochemical, food, tobacco and paper (the latter feed a vast publishing activity). The great development of the secondary sector is supported by an equally intense financial and commercial activity, favored by the presence of one of the largest river ports in the world: incoming raw products for industry and food products, while outgoing oils and derivatives and products. textiles. A dense railway network converges at the port, linking Philadelphia to the Pennsylvania mining basins and the lines that descend from New York towards the S along the Atlantic belt. The city also has an international airport. In English,Philadelphia.

Founded in 1682 by W. Penn, it developed rapidly both economically (thanks above all to the port) and culturally (in 1749 the Academy was created, in which Franklin taught). During the revolution, it was the seat of the first and second continental Congress (1774-76) and the independence of the United States was proclaimed there on 4 July 1776. Except for the period between 1777 and 1778, when it was occupied by the British, Philadelphia was in fact the capital of the struggling colonies. In 1787, after independence, the Convention was held there which adopted the Constitution. From 1790 until 1800, when Washington was inaugurated, it was the capital of the United States. During the sec. XIX continued to be a large industrial, commercial and cultural center. The first trade union and workers' political organizations arose (the Mechanic's Union of Trade Association, 1827, which became the Workingsmen's Party the following year). In Philadelphia, active abolitionist center, civil war.

The city was built on a plan designed by Thomas Holme, general superintendent of William Penn. The original plan of Philadelphia, the most interesting of the American colonial period, has a regular perimeter, a cross-linked road layout, a large central square and four smaller squares. Some brick buildings remain from the founding period, such as the Swedish church Gloria Dei (1698-1700) and the Wynnestay House (1689). In the sec. XVIII Philadelphia became the largest and richest city in the American colonies. The city can be considered the largest center of American colonial and federal architecture. The most significant examples of the Georgian stylewhich dominated the century. XVIII are the Christ Church (1727-44), the St. Peter's Church (1758-61), by R. Smith, the Quaker church (1803) and, in the field of civil architecture, the Independence Hall, by A. Hamilton (1732; now museum), Carpenter's Hall (1768-70), by R. Smith, Congress Hall (1787), Philosophical Hall (1785), etc. There are also numerous private homes in the city and its surroundings. In the first decades of the century. XIX dominated the neo- greek style (greek revival), mainly represented by the works of architects W. Strickland (Naval Asylum, 1826-33; Merchant's Exchange) and J. Haviland. Later all historical styles were used, from Gothic (S. Stefano, by W. Strickland, 1822; S. Marco, by J. Notman) toItalian Renaissance (Cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, by J. Notman and N. Lebrun, 1846-64) and French (City Hall, 1871), until the end of the century eclecticism (Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, by F. Furness, 1879). In the field of urban planning, French models followed (connection of the central square of the city with Fairmount Park, via a Parisian avenue

, proposed in 1871 and built in 1902-30). In the interwar period the most interesting building is the Saving Fund Society Building, by G. Howe and W. Lescaze (1932), a steel and glass skyscraper. After the Second World War, important buildings arose in Philadelphia: the Richard Medical Research Center, by LI Kahn (1960), on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania, and the Beth Sholom Synagogue, by FL Wright, in Elkins Park (1959). Philadelphia is also at the forefront as regards the problems of conservation and use of the old center (albeit with often questionable results) and urban and territorial planning.

The largest museum in Philadelphia is the Philadelphia Museum of Art (founded in 1875 and housed in a 1919-27 Greek neo-Greek building in Fairmount Park), formed, like many other American museums, by private collections exhibited separately (the largest being the JG collections Johnson, Arensberg, Gallatin, Stern, Tyson). Another feature of the museum is that of exhibiting, disassembled from the places of origin and rebuilt, entire parts of buildings, including for example a room in the Soranzo palace in Venice. Most of the European paintings of the sec. XIV-XVI comes from the Johnson collection: the Italian paintings are richly represented (Antonello da Messina, Giovanni Bellini, Botticelli, L. Signorelli, Tiziano, Tintoretto, Veronese), Flemish (Jan van Eyck, Van der Weyden, Dirk Bouts, Memling, G. David, Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Luca di Leida), German (Dürer, Holbein, Cranach) and Spanish (El Greco). For the seventeenth century, the collection of the Dutch (Rembrandt, Van Goyen, Van Ruysdael, Hobbema, Terborch) is very rich. For the eighteenth century the British dominated (Reynolds,Gainsborough, Hogarth), followed by the Italians (Canaletto, Guardi, Magnasco); for the nineteenth century the French (J.-L. David, Ingres, Géricault, Delacroix, Daumier, Corot, Courbet, Daubigny, Millet, Manet, Monet, Pissarro, Cézanne, Renoir, Rousseau) and the English (Turner, Bonington). The Gallatin and Arensberg collections enriched the museum with an exceptional complex of works by the major European artists of the century. XX. Finally, we must remember the collection of American paintings (Ch. W. Peale, Mary Cassatt, E. Hicks, etc.), among which the 64 paintings by Thomas Eakins stand out. The Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, which is the oldest art institution in the USA (1805), is also dedicated to American art. The Museum of the University of Pennsylvania collects archaeological and ethnographic collections. Among the classical and ancient-oriental material, the finds from the excavations of Ur, Nippur and Tepe Hissar should be remembered. The sections dedicated to ancient Chinese art, pre-Columbian civilizations, the art of Polynesia, Micronesia and Melanesia are very rich. The African collection is the largest in the USA. § The musical activity takes place around the Philadelphia Orchestra, a prestigious symphonic organ founded in 1900 and directed by Leopold Stokowski, Eugene Ormandy and Riccardo Muti.

 
Jet - Discrimination using Voice Mail
Univ. of Pennsylvania reports that some rental agents use voice mail to screen callers on the basis of class and gender.
http://www.findarticles.com/cf_dls/m1355/17_99/73064297/p1/a

Pa. - Fair Housing Council of Suburban Philadelphia
Procure an overview to the Fair Housing Act as supplied by this Pennsylvania org., and find related guides. Features links to a discussion forum.
http://fhcsp.fairhousing.com/Laws/information_about_fair_hou

Pa. - Reading Human Relations Cmsn, Fair Housing Act
Penn. agency shares an overview of the governing law, and adds info regarding filing complaints, disability protection and housing opportunities.
http://reading.fairhousing.com/fha.htm

Pa. - Title 68, Chapter 8
Text of the Pennsylvania Landlord and Tenant Act, enacted in 1951. Click on headings in the index to access the statutory transcript.
http://members.aol.com/StatutesPA/68.Cp.8.html

Penn. - Housing and Shelter Information
Pennsylvania Legal Services org. presents its collection of brochures aimed at education renting citizens of their rights. Adds related links.
http://www.palegalservices.org/Community_Education/housing_s

Penn. - Resources for Renters
Receive contact details of organizations and offices serving tenants in Penn., or extract articles and guides to related information.
http://directory.tenantsunion.org/pennsylvania.html

Penn. - Tenant-Landlord Handbook
Printed for Penn. residents, this handbook covers such topics as evictions, moving and municipal codes. Consult a glossary and a checklist.
http://tenant.net/Other_Areas/Penn/harris/pa-toc.html

Penn. -Community Legal Services, Housing Unit
Sector of one state, non-profit, legal org., supplies its collection of publications on such topics as evictions, public housing and case law.
http://www.clsphila.org/Housing.htm

 

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