Alabama Tenant-Landlord Law

Federated state of the Southeastern USA, 133,915 km², 4,599,030 residents (2006 estimate), 34 inhabitants / km², capital: Montgomery. Borders: Tennessee (N), Georgia (E), Florida (S), Gulf of Mexico (SW), Mississippi (W).

State Overview

The mainly flat territory rises NE in the last southern buttresses of the Appalachians and is crossed by numerous rivers, including the Mobile, Tennessee, Chattahoochee, Conecuh and Pea. The humid subtropical climate, with long and hot summers, short and mild winters and abundant rains (over 1200 mm per year), allows an average production season of 240 days a year. Important is agriculture, which mainly gives cotton (Alabama is also called Cotton State), cultivated in the fertile and well-watered soils of the Black Belt (region in the SW of the state) and in the valley of the Tennessee river, then corn, peanuts, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, peaches, apples and melons. The dense forests, which cover 2/3 of the territory, are made up largely of pine, fir, beech and oak trees and feed the local wood and paper industries. The cattle breeding is mainly widespread in the Black Belt, the pig breeding in the south-east Alabama, where there are numerous plants for the processing and conservation of the meat; the poultry sector is also relevant. The subsoil is rich in coal, extracted in the Appalachian region, iron (Pyne and Vance), bauxite, oil, natural asphalt, rock salt and limestone. In addition to the above, the main industries are metallurgical ones (cast iron and steel in Birmingham and Gadsden, aluminum in Sheffield, magnesium in Selma), chemicals (Birmingham and Mobile), textiles (Huntsville), food, cement and rubber. Various hydroelectric plants are operating on Tennessee. For communications, the State uses 124,340 km of roads, 9455 km of railways and navigable rivers (Tennessee, Tombigbee, Chattahoochee); main airports are those of Birmingham, Montgomery and Mobile: the latter location, located on the bay of the same name, is also the only seaport in the state. The most important cities, besides the capital, are Birmingham, Mobile, Huntsville, Tuscaloosa and Gadsden.

With a total of 460 cities and towns, Alabama offers a range of urban experiences. Among its notable cities are Birmingham, the largest city, known for its industrial heritage and vibrant cultural scene; Montgomery, the capital, steeped in Civil Rights history and Southern charm; Huntsville, recognized for its aerospace industry and technological advancements; Mobile, renowned for its Mardi Gras celebrations and maritime history. Other significant cities include Tuscaloosa, Auburn, Hoover, Decatur, and Florence, each contributing uniquely to Alabama’s dynamic tapestry of communities.



Explored by the Spanish in the sixteenth century, the current state of Alabama was a French colony (1702-63) and then an English colony (1763-83). Moving to the United States, it became the 22nd member state of the Union in 1819. Dominated by a racist and slave-run oligarchy, Alabama came into conflict with Washington mainly over the issue of slavery. At the time of the Secession war played a leading role; in 1863 it was invaded and devastated, after having opposed a desperate resistance to the federal troops. Re-admitted to the Union in 1868, however, he continued to practice racial discrimination: in 1901 a constitutional reform practically deprived blacks of the right to vote. Even in more recent times, Alabama has fiercely resisted efforts by the federal government to integrate blacks into civil rights; the racial problem worsened when the Supreme Court declared segregation in schools (1954) and public transport (1956) illegal, culminating in the serious incidents of 1961 and 1964, when in Selma the national guard opened fire on a procession of demonstrators led by ML King. Although racism against the black population has suffered significant defeats since then, Alabama remains one of the US states where the most tenacious resistances to complete racial integration survive.

Below you will see top cities in Alabama.

Montgomery (Alabama)

City ​​(197,014 residents in 1998) and capital of the State of Alabama (USA), 230 km SW of Atlanta, 50 m above sea level on the left of the Alabama River, navigable. Located at the intersection of important road and railway lines, it is an active agricultural (cotton) and livestock (dairy) market, home to the food, mechanical, chemical (fertilizers), textile and glass industries. Airport. § Established in 1819 by the union of the cities of Alabama Town, New Philadelphia and East Alabama, Montgomery has been the state capital since 1846. In 1861, at the outbreak of the Secession war, it was chosen as the first capital of the Confederation of American States; it was occupied by Union forces in 1865.

Birmingham (Alabama)

City ​​(252,997 residents in 1998; 894,702 residents the metropolitan area in 1997) of the State of Alabama (USA), in the Jones valley, at the extreme southern slopes of the Appalachians. Founded in 1871, it developed after 1910 thanks to the iron and coal deposits of the surrounding region. The availability of abundant labor favored the rise of large iron and steel complexes and textile, chemical, electromechanical, mechanical (aircraft), food, wood and paper industries. Important road and rail junction, served by two airports, Birmingham is the most populous city in the state. It is a university campus.


City ​​(47,600 residents; 94,100 residents the metropolitan area) of the State of Alabama (USA), 95 km NE of Birmingham, on the Coosa River. Located in a region rich in iron, coal and manganese, it is home to iron and steel, mechanical, chemical, textile, rubber, wood and paper industries.


City ​​(170,424 residents; 330,153 residents the metropolitan area in 1996) of the State of Alabama (USA), 135 km NNE of Birmingham. It is home to mechanical, electronic, textile, tanning industries and for the production of rockets and materials for space companies.


City ​​(23,800 residents) of the State of Alabama (USA), 70 km W of Montgomery, on the right of the Alabama River. Agricultural market (cotton, tobacco, fruit, vegetables) and livestock with mechanical, chemical, textile, wood, tobacco and clothing industries. University. Airport.


City (202,581 residents; 518,975 residents The metropolitan area in 1996) of the State of Alabama (USA), at the mouth of the homonymous river in the bay of Mobile (gulf of Mexico). Second city and main port of the state, with an annual traffic of 23,200,000 tons of goods (import of bauxite, iron ore, rubber, food products; export of cotton, cereals, timber, coal, steel), it is home to industries mechanical, shipbuilding, steel, metallurgical (aluminum), paper, wood, chemical, petrochemical, food, clothing and cement industries. University of Southern Alabama (1963). Airport.


Founded by the French in 1711, it passed to Great Britain (1763), Spain (1779) and finally to the USA in 1813. During the Secession War in the Bay of Mobile a naval battle took place between Confederates and Unionists (5 August 1864); the latter, despite having reported a victory, failed to conquer the city.


City ​​(77,000 residents) of the State of Alabama (USA), 80 km SW of Birmingham, on the Black Warrior River. Agricultural and livestock market with paper, textile (cotton), food, rubber and wood industries. It is home to the University of Alabama (1831). Airport.

Alabama Rental Housing Information

Guide targeting professionals and consumers with real estate issues can access tips, organizations, statutory texts and legal summaries.


Code of Alabama – Title 35, Chapter 9

Tenants and landlords residing in Alabama can find out what legal handles they possess with respect to leasing issues. Includes an index.


Mobile Fair Housing Center

Corporation in Alabama outlines indicators and warning signs for tenants to prevent against discrimination. Use contact info to inquire further.


Resources for Renters in Alabama

Extract contact information for organizations specializing in landlord-tenant matters, and follow links to laws and related, Alabama resources.


Alabama Tenant-Landlord Law

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