Austria Demographics 1998
With an estimated population (1998) of around 8. 140. 000 residents, to. it continued to record a slow demographic progression due – in strong prevalence – to foreign immigration in the 1990s from the countries of the Balkan area and from Turkey, while natural growth is negligible. The greater incidence of the migratory phenomenon has contributed to unbalancing the country’s balanced growth model compared to the past, triggering in the economic and social field processes of readjustment that are not always painless, as limited episodes of intolerance and xenophobia seem to demonstrate. it had not been registered in Austria for a long time. The adoption of more restrictive rules regarding immigration and the prospects open to the Austria from the entrance into
The accession to the EU was made possible, on the international level, by the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and therefore by the end of the particular condition of equidistance between the western and eastern blocs imposed by the Austria after the Second World War and over which the Soviet Union watched with special attention. On the internal level, on the other hand, and in particular from the economic point of view, EU accession represented a strategic objective, capable of re-evaluating the geographical position of the Austria, at the center of intra-European relations flows (already in 1995 the countries Union supplied 72 % of Austrian imports and bought over 65%% of exports and, in both cases, Germany alone accounted for more than half of the totals). Furthermore, investments from the EU increased tenfold between 1995 and 1996. For Austria 2013, please check physicscat.com.
A reorganization process has begun in the territorial structure of the Austrian economy precisely by virtue of the growing functional integration with Germany on the one hand and Italy on the other. The productive reorganization is matched by the settlement: large cities have shown a tendency to reduce their demographic weight (in the mid-nineties the urban population reached just 56% of the total) to the advantage of intermediate cities and flourishing small towns located in the western regions, in the strip of territory between Germany and Italy. From an economic point of view, the relative isolation in which the author found himself, the opportunity to direct Austrian capital in support of the new Eastern European states, as well as the repercussions of the unfavorable international situation, had led to a slowdown in the early nineties. growth, discontinued and reversed in 1994: starting from that year, global GDP showed a positive trend, although not very lively, while the average per resident reached high values. At the end of the 1990s, inflation remained under control, unemployment – after a surge in previous years – returned to very low levels and the trade balance, although still in deficit, showed a progressively decreasing deficit.
As a transit area for trade between Germany (and northern countries) and Italy (and Mediterranean countries), the Austria it has increased its importance, both for being privileged with respect to Switzerland (which remained outside the EU), and for having initiated the reorganization of the transit transport system. Rail flows have returned to prevail to reduce the negative effects of the constant increase in traffic (pollution, road congestion), and contribute to the growth of the tourism sector (over 17 million visitors in 1996). The most important industrial sectors remained the engineering, chemical, textile and clothing, iron and steel sectors, largely destined for export. In the composition of GDP, as in that of the active population, the prevalence of the tertiary sector was confirmed, in which financial services have had great development; the relative resilience of agricultural activities was significant.