Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography

Area: 51,197 km² (of which land: 51,187 km², water: 10 km²)

Population: 4.6 million (2011 estimate, CIA). Composition: Bosnians 48%, Serbs 37.1%, Croats 14.3%, Others 0.6% (as of 2000)

Population density: 90 residents per km²

Population growth: 0.008% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: Sarajevo (304.065 residents, 2007)

Highest point: Magic 2,386 m

Lowest point: Adriatic Sea, 0 m

Form of government: Bosnia and Herzegovinahas been a republic since 1992; the current constitution dates from 1995. With the Dayton (Ohio) Agreement, Bosnia-Herzegovina is made up of two territorial units and oneDistricttogether. Both units have their own presidents, and there is also a three-person presidium (each consisting of a Bosniak, a Croat and a Serbs). The chairmanship of this presidium rotates every eight months.

Administrative division: 2 administrative territorial units (Federacija Bosne i Hercegovine (Bosniak-Croatian Federation) and Republika Srpska (Republic of Serbia) and an internationally monitored district (Brcko district).

Head of State: Bakir Izetbegovi ?, Nebojša Radmanovi? and eljko Komši?

Head of Government: Prime Minister Vjekoslav Bevanda, since January 12, 2012

Language: Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian

R eligion: 40% Muslim, 31% Orthodox, 15% Roman Catholic, 14% Other

Local time: CET. Between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October there is summer time in Albania (CET + 1 hour).
The time difference to Central Europe in both winter and summer 0 h.

International phone code: +387


Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz

The Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina is located in the north of the Balkan Peninsula and borders Croatia to the west and north, Serbia to the east and Montenegro to the south. The area of ​​the state covers around 51,000 square kilometers and is therefore a little larger than the state of Lower Saxony.

After only about two and a half million people lived in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the civil war, that is country today it has reached its pre-war population of around four million.

Bosnia-Herzegovina exists completely independently of the division of the country carried out in accordance with the Dayton Agreement in November 1995 historical from two different parts of the country. The approximately 9,800 square kilometers of Herzegovina with its capital Mostar extends in the north to the mountains Bjelasica and Treskavica, in the east to Montenegro and in the west to Posusje. This part of the country also has the only access to the sea in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Bosnia, on the other hand, is considerably larger at 42,000 square kilometers and also differs from Herzegovina in terms of landscape and climate.

While Bosnia has a more continental climate, Herzegovina is dominated by a mild Mediterranean climate due to its proximity to the Adriatic coast.

The landscape is flat and very fertile, whereas in Bosnia it is karst and rocky. The Dinaric mountain block running across Bosnia-Herzegovina influenced the life of the first settlers in the early days, as this region is just as inaccessible as the rocky ground. This mountain range takes up most of the country’s area and, due to its difficult accessibility and strong karstification, makes economic development very difficult. Road construction alone is so difficult, and more and more people emigrated, especially in the 1980s, to find work in the tourist regions on the coast.

In the north of Bosnia, the lowlands south of the Save are gradually turning into a hilly landscape that becomes increasingly mountainous and rugged and rises to 1,000 meters. It is replaced by the Hochkarstgebirge, the highest point of which, the Maglic, is the highest mountain in the country at 2,386 meters. The karst rock is difficult to cultivate because the little rain immediately seeps into the porous limestone soil. The penetrating water creates underground caves and rivers, which sometimes collapse. Very fertile soil then collects in these so-called sinkholes. Large-scale incursions of the karst rock have created many areas up to several square kilometers in size and surrounded by high mountains Poljen are called. Here, too, fertile soil accumulated, which made the Poljen very productive fields.

Bosnia-Herzegovina is traversed by a few larger streams and a multitude of small rivers and streams. The country is particularly rich in lakes in the high mountains, although these are too cold to bathe in. Some rivers such as the Neretvica or the Fojnicka with numerous tributaries have their source on the Vranica mountain. The most beautiful mountain lake is the Prokoskosee, the water of which is freezing cold even in summer at an altitude of 1,640 meters. In the south of the country, Lake Jablanica and Lake Ramsko are important bodies of water that are often used as reservoirs. The most important rivers in Bosnia-Herzegovina include the Save and Bosna the Vrbas, the Neretva and the Una.

Population in Bosnia-Herzegovina

The present map of the population distribution in Bosnia-Herzegovina was created by the Worldmapper team. Densely populated areas appear bloated, the area of ​​sparsely populated areas is reduced. The shape of the grid has been preserved; an underlying map with the original geographic extent helps with the interpretation of the cartogram. The distorted map is intended to help present abstract statistical information clearly. Visit for multicultural Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography

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