Calexico, California is situated in the Imperial Valley of southeastern California. It is bordered to the south by Mexico and to the east by the Colorado River. The city has a total area of 11.4 square miles, with a population of 38,572 as of 2019.
Calexico sits at an elevation of 67 feet above sea level and has a semi-arid climate with hot summers and mild winters. Average temperatures range from 40°F in winter to 100°F in summer, with occasional extreme temperatures reaching up to 115°F during summer months. The city receives an average annual precipitation of 2.5 inches, mainly occurring between November and April as light rain or snowfall.
The terrain surrounding Calexico is mostly flat desert land with some rolling hills on the outskirts of town. Vegetation is sparse due to the arid climate, consisting mainly of cacti, mesquite trees, and other desert plants such as creosote bush and Joshua tree. Wildlife includes coyotes, jackrabbits, roadrunners, rattlesnakes, lizards, bobcats and many species of birds such as quail and doves.
Calexico’s main economic activities are agriculture and tourism; most farms in Imperial Valley grow alfalfa hay for livestock feed or produce table grapes for export to other countries while tourism revolves around visits to local attractions such as Algodones Dunes State Park or Cuyamaca Rancho State Park located just outside town limits. Other industries include manufacturing (electronics) and retail (clothing stores).
The city is served by two major highways – Interstate 8 which runs east-west through Calexico connecting it with San Diego County on one side and Yuma County on the other; US Highway 111 which runs north-south through town connecting it with Mexicali in Mexico on one side and San Diego County on the other; as well as two railroads – Union Pacific Railroad which provides freight services throughout Imperial Valley; BNSF Railway which connects Calexico with points eastward including Los Angeles County via the Tehachapi Pass line; Amtrak which provides passenger rail services throughout California via its “Pacific Surfliner” line; Greyhound Bus Lines which provides intercity bus service from various locations around town; plus local bus service operated by Imperial Valley Transit Authority (IVTA).
In terms of recreation opportunities within city limits there are several parks such as Desert View Park located near downtown where visitors can enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking trails or picnic areas; plus sports facilities like a soccer complex located near border crossing for those looking for a game or practice session with friends or family members visiting from Mexico. There are also several golf courses nearby if you’re looking for a round or two while visiting town.
History of Calexico, California
Calexico, California is a city located in Imperial County, California, just east of the Mexican border. Its location on the border has made it a major crossing point for people and goods between Mexico and the United States since its founding in 1908. The name Calexico is a combination of the words “California” and “Mexico” and was chosen to reflect its geographical location on the border.
The city was founded by Alexander M. McPherson, who owned property in both Imperial County and Mexico. He realized that there was a need for an official crossing point between Mexico and the United States so he built a port of entry on his property near what is now Calexico. The port quickly became popular among travelers who wanted to cross into Mexico for business or pleasure.
In 1910, McPherson had his land surveyed and laid out for development as a new town which he named Calexico after its geographical location on the border. The city grew quickly with many new businesses opening up including hotels, restaurants, saloons, banks, stores, etc. In 1911, a post office was established in Calexico which further helped solidify it as an important trading hub between Mexico and the U.S..
In addition to its importance as a trading hub between two countries, Calexico also saw growth due to its agricultural industry which had been booming since Imperial Valley began developing irrigation systems in 1905. This allowed farmers to grow crops such as alfalfa hay for livestock feed or table grapes for export to other countries which provided jobs to local residents as well as income to local businesses from trade with other countries.
Throughout its history, Calexico has experienced several periods of growth followed by decline due to various economic factors such as changes in immigration policy or changes in trade policies between Mexico and the United States. Despite this however, it remains an important port of entry between the two countries with many businesses still operating within city limits today such as manufacturing (electronics) or retail (clothing stores). It also remains an important agricultural center with farms still growing crops such as alfalfa hay or table grapes for export abroad.
Economy of Calexico, California
According to Allcountrylist, Calexico, California is a small city located on the US-Mexico border in Imperial County. It has a population of around 38,000 people and is known for its unique location and culture. The economy of Calexico is diverse and heavily reliant on both international trade and agriculture.
International trade forms the backbone of the local economy. As an official port of entry between Mexico and the United States, Calexico serves as an important trading hub for goods, services, and people. Many businesses operate in Calexico that specialize in importing or exporting goods from Mexico to the United States or vice versa. The city also sees a large amount of tourism as many visitors come to experience the unique culture that exists on the border between two countries.
Agriculture is also an important part of Calexico’s economy. The Imperial Valley has been developing irrigation systems since 1905 which have allowed farmers to grow crops such as alfalfa hay for livestock feed or table grapes for export to other countries. This provides jobs to local residents as well as income to local businesses from trade with other countries. Other agricultural products grown in Calexico include citrus fruits, cotton, wheat, melons, onions, garlic, lettuce and tomatoes.
In addition to international trade and agriculture, there are several other economic drivers in Calexico including manufacturing (electronics) or retail (clothing stores). There are also several educational institutions such as Imperial Valley College which offer educational opportunities for students seeking higher education within the city limits.
Calexico’s economy is diverse and reliant on multiple sectors including international trade, agriculture, manufacturing, retail and education which all contribute to its growth and stability over time despite any changes in immigration policy or trade policies between Mexico and the United States.
Politics in Calexico, California
Calexico, California is a small city located on the United States-Mexico border in Imperial County. It has a population of around 38,000 people and is known for its unique location and culture. The city is heavily influenced by both countries’ politics due to its proximity to the border.
The politics of Calexico are mostly influenced by the Democratic Party, as the majority of its citizens are registered as Democrats. However, the city also has a large number of independent voters who do not align with either major political party. This can be seen in some local elections where candidates from either party have won by only a few votes.
The main issue that affects Calexico’s politics is immigration policy, as it is located directly on the US-Mexico border. Immigration reform has been a hot button issue for many years, and Calexico’s citizens have been outspoken in their support for more lenient immigration laws that would allow those living in Mexico to legally enter the United States. This issue has become even more heated in recent years due to President Trump’s hardline stance on immigration policy and his proposed wall along the US-Mexico border.
In addition to immigration policy, other issues that affect Calexico’s politics include trade policies between Mexico and the United States, healthcare reform, education reform, affordable housing initiatives, and environmental protection initiatives such as clean air regulations or water conservation measures.
The local government of Calexico consists of an elected mayor and five council members who serve four year terms. The mayor and council members are responsible for setting policy goals that will benefit the city’s residents and businesses while also taking into consideration state and federal laws when making decisions about how to best serve their constituents.
Calexico’s politics are heavily influenced by both US and Mexican policies due to its unique location at the US-Mexico border. Its citizens have strong opinions about many issues such as immigration reform or trade policies between Mexico and United States which they express through their local government representatives or through public demonstrations or protests when necessary.