If our grandfathers and grandmothers have seen such great strides walked technological development in the once so conservative as former equipment for hiking, trekking and other outdoor activities, they would be amazed.
However, still, the shoes must first be comfortable, functional and, if possible, long-life and yet it cheap. This applies fully course of hiking boots.
Development of new technologies and materials meant that once everywhere present leather Pohorka turned. Since the summer trekking sandals to special glacier boots and a variety of plastic composites (called skeletons or duplexes). For better orientation on the market, we will several important parameters such as shoes divide, how they look, how to buy, how to maintain and care for, and what not to forget also take with you on a hike.
Determination and implementation
Regarding the appropriateness of various types, always decide in what conditions need shoes. Everyone is certainly clear that we will need in the summer sandals and vice versa in winter on the glacier again, winter boots, if possible, with clamping on crampons. According determine today shoes are divided into:
- Walking sandals
- outdoor shoes
- trekking Shoes
- trekking boots
- hiking boots
- winter boots
- Skeletons (duplexes)
- Special shoes (touring, telemark, nordic walkingové)
Shoes selected primarily according to the purposes for which we use most often. If for walks in the woods, then we only need a low ankle boots. If trekům demanding, then we go for higher and more durable hiking boots with rigid soles. When climbing, reaching for climbing shoes.
Hiking sandals are very popular especially in the summer months. Today it has in its range of nearly every major manufacturer trekking footwear. They may have a sole vibramem or other non-slip surface and range in price from 500 to 2 500 CZK.
They are used either as a full footwear for walking in hot and dry weather in light and flat terrain or slippers after a long walk in closed hiking boots. They are produced as textile tapes and artificial or natural leather usually Velcro.
Under the title of outdoor shoes we can meet with lightweight fabric or leather boots without membrane and Vibram sole. Suitable for unpaved terrain, forest paths, bike for running or walking around town with a small backpack. Cost can get somewhere between 1 500 and 2 500 CZK.
A big hit last year’s tourist season was called trekking shoes or low boots. While not hold your leg firmly on the ground, like a classic ankle boots, but the activities for which they are determined enough. They look very sporty and can be used both for walks in and for lighter hikes in very difficult terrain. Their prices range between 1 000 and 3 000 CZK. They are made from the same materials as the ankle boots i.e., modified with a waterproof fabric, artificial leather and natural leather in many different designs.
Other categories are trekking boots. You’re probably used most often because they are suitable for hiking and trekking from spring through the summer months until the autumn. They tend to be lighter than boots for mountaineering and suitable for all activities in an easier mountain terrain with a lighter backpack or day event. cycling in colder conditions. They can be both textile and leather or a combination of both. They tend to have stiffer soles and semipermeable membrane. Their price is roughly from 3000 CZK above.
For mountaineering and stay in exposed terrain used hiking boots . Although today this name does not reflect the full use of all the possibilities. They are designed to move in an exposed alpine terrain at several events and transitions in difficult terrain and with a heavy backpack. They tend to have rigid soles and uppers of coarser material.
Almost always they feature membrane and adapted for clamping crampons. They tend to be either from abrasion-resistant and water-repellent textiles or rough skin. Their price ranges from 5000 CZK above.
Winter hiking boots are a variant of hiking boots, as its name suggests, designed primarily to cold winter conditions or specially to stay on the glacier. They are more padded (insulation) and higher end models tend to have even a removable inner boot.
For this category before getting masses prefer the comfort feet in extreme conditions. Of course there is adaptation to the clamping crampons and superstructure is slightly elevated above the ankle. There is no comparable price criterion.
For climbing in the snow and ice are skeletons. Their design and the material used is other uses practically impossible. It is a hard plastic shell shoes, which does not let moisture or cold inside the shoe (sometimes unfortunately also out) with removable inner shoe called. Slippers. They tend to be very stiff and rigid, and walk in them may not always be pleasant. But here it is necessary to prioritize the viewpoint of heat and drought over absolute comfort.
It is no longer possible to use one universal shoe for all outdoor activities. Therefore, for example, they produced touring boots, telemark boots, boots and various recently with the development of this diciplíny also Nordic walking shoes at ShoeFrantics.
The vast majority of shoes manufactured today is made up of a large number of different components. But for most trekking boots we can meet these:
Sole: Ensures secure contact with the ground. They vary depending on the application. Most known manufacturers use Vibram. Some larger firms have developed the soles of your brand.
Insole: This is a reinforcement inside the shoe. Its shape and properties for strength and stability in the shoe. Also absorbs any knocks. It is usually made of plastic material, polyamide or EVA.
Upper shoe: Comes shoe shape and appearance. Determines if the shoe fits us. Nowadays used: plastics and rubber, synthetic cloth, leather or a combination of these materials.
Lace: An essential addition to the vamp. The important thing is quality and precise execution. They vary by destination boots and intensity of use.
Lining can be made of leather, synthetics and the semi-permeable material (membrane). Leather usually made of pigskin has a very long lifetime, but during graduation time dries. Although synthetic fabric dries quickly and well ventilated, the moisture but transmits in both directions. Semipermeable enjoying system of several layers is preferably waterproof and moisture transport outside simultaneously (used especially Goretex, Sympatex etc.).
How to shop?
When buying shoes for outdoor activities certainly did not rush. If possible, buy shoes at the last minute and without thorough testing and in specialized stores rather than supermarkets. Remember, do not buy a shoe for a few days, rather than several months or years (depending on how intensive tourism will be carried out), and accordingly we manage.
For shoes for the winter remember to leave enough room for another pair of socks. Do not be swayed salesman that just this brand is best for us and let’s try several models, because what’s a little different manufacturers cut. Thoroughly try walking longer in business, whether on the terrain will avoid unpleasant surprises us that the shoe descent or exit to push the fingers or heel. Also advantage is that the minimum number of seams on the vamp, just because they can cause uncomfortable pressure points.
How to maintain and care
If we want to serve our shoes as long as we need to properly care for them. That means after every major action to clean them, dry them well and always well treated. The simplest is to stick to the guidelines and recommendations of the manufacturer. But in general, the rag to clean it with warm water and soap, in exceptional cases, use cleansers.
To treat (mostly impregnation) and recovery surface is used either impregnation or spray or oil. waxes. Textile materials, of course, use sprays and skin rather decide to oils that do not change so much natural properties of leather.
First, an integral part of the comfort foot in the shoe’s sock. For socks in hiking boots and trekking bots are being called thermo, although in many cases this is not entirely true. We must assume that whether we admit it or not, every foot sweats and any shoe. It’s just how the moisture away from the feet as optimally and eliminate pay that did not bother us at more walking.
For these cases it is advantageous to boot from a membrane which removes moisture from the sock over the shoe upper outwardly and thus increasing the comfort of the foot. Socks are made from synthetic materials (polypropylene, polyester) in combination with cotton. In several places are flexible strips so that the sock on the foot during walking not move.
Warmers or leggings
Actually also supplement that is suitable for use throughout the year. In the summer months as a protection against the ingress of water or dust and dirt over the top of the shoe. In the winter, mainly as a protection against snow and wet vamp. The most commonly used on the classic zipper or Velcro, respectively. combination of both and tightening the top. Delicate spot is mounted under the sole, where it either solves different straps or steel cables.
Crampons or crampons, nesmeky
From time immemorial, a climbing irons of said cat. The glacial terrain not move without crampons practically possible and nothing is a substitute. Once honest forging products with leather straps replacing various alloys and wear crampons provedení thereby relieve while, but today require special design shoes. Nesmeky replace crampons and should only be used on flat slippery terrain (or rather in or asphalt) in mountainous terrain would we see an unpleasant surprise and short spikes nesmeky would not save us from falling.
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