Types of Tourism in Armenia
First of all, Armenia is known as the first country to adopt Christianity as a state religion, it happened in 301 AD. Since then, many monasteries, churches and unique khachkars – Armenian stone sculptures with crosses carved on them – have been built on the territory of the state. It is Christian monuments that are the main sights of Armenia, these include the Cathedral of Echmiadzin – the religious center of the country, the monasteries of Noravank, Geghard, Khor Virap, Goshavank and Sevanavank. Also very interesting trips to the ruins of the ancient capitals of Armenia (Armavir, Artashat, Dvin, Etchmiadzin and Ani) and travel over the mountains, on which ancient fortresses are scattered. SKIING 50 km north of Yerevan on the slopes of Mount Teghenis at an altitude of 1845 m is the modern ski resort Tsaghkadzor . The ski season lasts from mid-November to mid-April, but the best conditions for skiing are in February and March. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Armenia.
Trails of Tsaghkadzor Suitable for skiers of all skill levels. In total, there are about 50 trails with a total length of 12 km. The maximum height difference is 350 m. There are 5 lines of the cable car along the slopes – these are modern chair lifts. The length of the cable car is 5 km, its upper part is at an altitude of 2500 m. A ski pass for the cable car for one day costs about 7000 drams (about 20 US dollars). The most popular trails are located in the middle part of the mountain slopes. The tracks here are wide, with a slight slope. The lower part of the slopes was supposed to be a trough for bobsleigh, but still was reserved for the ski slope. The descent is narrow and steep, it is suitable only for trained skiers. Trails for extreme skiing can be found at the top of the mountain. In Tsaghkadzor Fog occurs quite often, tourists are always advised to refrain from descending in foggy conditions. The resort infrastructure includes dozens of hotels, hotels and holiday homes for every taste, there is also a ski school where experienced instructors are always ready to teach beginners, equipment rental, a large sports complex, several swimming pools, including an ultra-modern 50-meter swimming pool, many shops, restaurants and bars. You can also have a rest in Tsakhkadzor in the summer: clean mountain air, mild climate, mountain landscapes, forests and alpine meadows attract many tourists here.
Mountains of Armenia are rich in springs of healing mineral waters, on the basis of which resort towns were equipped. In the region of Tavush, in a picturesque mountainous area covered with forests, in the valley of the Aghstev River, there is one of the most famous resort cities in the country – Dilijan . Dilijan is a mountain-climatic and balneological resort, offering tourists a healing mild mountain climate, clean air and mineral springs. The carbon dioxide-alkaline waters of Dilijan are similar in their properties to the waters of the resorts of Borjomi (Georgia) and Vichy (France). Sanatoriums in Dilijan mainly specialize in the treatment of lung diseases.
Just 20 km north of Yerevan Arzni resort is located in the gorge of the Hrazdan River at an altitude of 1250 m. Arzni is famous for its carbonic hydrocarbonate-chloride sodium mineral waters, which have been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times. The construction of sanatoriums based on healing springs began in 1925. The profile of local sanatoriums is the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system and the digestive system. Treatment is carried out with the help of baths, drinking and inhalations, a favorable climate and clean mountain air have a special healing effect. The Arzni resort operates all year round.
In the northeastern part of the Vayots Dzor region, in the eastern part of Armenia, in the upper reaches of the Arpa River, in the spurs of the Zangezur Range at an altitude of more than 2000 m, there is a balneological and climatic high-mountain resort Jermuk . In total, there are about 40 mineral water springs in the resort, which are similar in composition to the waters of Karlovy Vary. Jermuk waters are high-temperature (+57..+64 degrees) with a high content of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, sulfate, chlorine, sodium, potassium, calcium, fluorine, bromine and magnesium. They are used to treat diseases of the digestive system, liver, nervous system, locomotor system, gynecological diseases and metabolic disorders.
The largest lake in Transcaucasia, Sevan, is known throughout the world. It is believed that Lake Sevan formed as a result of volcanic processes. It is surrounded by mountains with heights up to 3000 m and the national park of the same name. The clear waters of Sevan and its picturesque surroundings attract many vacationers in the summer. The main recreation areas are located on the northern coast of the lake. Dozens of hotels, boarding houses and sanatoriums have been built here, and beach areas have been equipped. The water in Lake Sevan does not warm up above +18 degrees even in summer. In addition, valuable species of fish are bred in the lake for industrial fishing – Sevan trout “ishkhan”, pike perch, khramulya, barbel and whitefish. Many travel agencies arrange whole fishing tours here, however, it is worth remembering that it is impossible to fish in the lake without a license.