Types of Tourism in Australia
The main place for a beach holiday is the Gold Coast (Gold Coast), located between Sydney and Brisbane. The almost 40-kilometer sandy beach attracts not only Australians, but also many European connoisseurs of such a holiday. Since the area is located on the border of tropical and subtropical climatic regions, it attracts tourists with fine sunny weather 300 days a year, and the only weather inconvenience is only high humidity during the rainy season.
There are three main groups of beaches on the Gold Coast:
Main Beach – the most popular and fashionable area with many restaurants, boutiques and cafes for every taste. Here are the 2 best hotels of the coast – Sheraton Mirage Gold Coast and the newest hotel – Palazzo Versace. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Australia.
Surfers Paradise is the main resort of the Gold Coast, where most of the hotels (ANA, Novotel and others) are located. Here everything is provided for recreation, active sports, mass entertainment. This is where the best golf courses are located. There are also more than three dozen nightclubs and discos here.
The third beach part of the coast is Broadbeach with Grand Mercure, Conrad Jupiters hotels.
On the Gold Coast, they are accustomed to wealthy tourists – local travel business professionals are ready to fulfill any whim for your money – here you can order a variety of excursions: rainforest safaris, helicopter, hot air balloon flights, cruises, amusement parks.
A real mecca for diving fans is the Great Barrier Reef, which consisted of almost three thousand individual small coral reefs. Currently, this natural wonder is under the control of environmentalists, because, according to many scientists, if global warming continues at the same pace, by 2050 the reef may completely disappear. Therefore, those divers who have not yet dived at the foot of the Reef, just in case, should hurry up – the underwater world is exceptionally rich here. One has only to say that out of 350 coral species known to science, more than 90% are represented here. Side by side with them, 10 thousand species of sponges alone, 1.5 thousand species of fish and 4 thousand species of mollusks coexist.
On one hectare of underwater area, you can find about 200 different species of fish, among which, which should be noted separately, there are also sharks. There are different opinions about their danger, so if you need guarantees of personal integrity under water, then you are unlikely to like it on the Reef. Particularly risky divers can recommend the well-known local attraction – diving in a cage with great white sharks.
Expeditions are also possible to the most famous of the Barrier Reef wrecks, which include the English steamships Yongala (sank in 1911) and Lady Bowen (sank in 1894), resting at quite accessible depths.
The capital of the Great Barrier Reef is Cairns. , which connects all the islands of the Reef with each other by sea and air transport. All inexperienced divers are advised to start here. And having already learned, you can begin to explore the archipelago.
In total, there are about five hundred islands here – so everyone can choose an island to their liking.
For lovers of cultural recreation, Hamilton Island, which is famous for being the most civilized in the entire archipelago, is quite suitable. There are restaurants, expensive shops, and five-star hotels here.
The best diving, according to experts, on Lizard Island. The island, which is, in fact, part of the reef, is located in one of the best diving spots on the reef – Cod Hole, known for the diversity of fauna and huge fish found there. And the small size of the Lizard makes it possible to relax in a “chamber” format, which gives this place an additional charm.
The most expensive vacation is on the island of Bedarra. Here you don’t even have to waste time choosing a hotel – there are practically none. Instead, there are excellent two-storey villas that can satisfy the taste of the most demanding clients.
EXCURSIONS AND ECOTOURISM
In terms of excursion tourism, Australia is an almost inexhaustible source of impressions. As our distant ancestors assumed, the differences between the “land of antipodes” and Europe are very, very large, although the former do not live “upside down”. Of particular interest to Europeans is not only the unique nature of the Australian continent, but also the customs of the indigenous population of Australia – the Aborigines. Despite civilization advancing from all sides, they managed to preserve the customs of their ancestors – there are cases when the natives refused the light houses built for them by the government, since the native Australian is supposed to live in the open. Few people in Australia are surprised by the sight of an Aboriginal family frying the meat of a kangaroo they honestly got while hunting on a fire with the help of…. a Teflon pan.
Translated from the Swahili language, “safari” means “trip”, “journey”. And if earlier in most cases a safari meant a real hunt with the shooting of animals, now it is a contemplation of wildlife in all its splendor.
Today travelers are attracted to safari by the fact that all the difficulties that the first travelers faced on their way, going to the Australian steppes scorched by the sun, are left behind. On safari travelers are driven by jeeps equipped with air conditioning, the guides prepare the camp ahead of time, and the only reminder of the adventures are not animal skins, but videos and photographs.
Diving safaris off the coast of the Great Barrier Reef are also popular. Here, in addition to the joys of ordinary diving, the thrill of shooting sharks and other marine life is also added.
Australia has always been at the forefront of wave surfing history. “Land of emus and kangaroos” has given the world many famous surfers, and in addition, the most famous surf tournaments originate from here. Today Australia is the best training ground for beginners and pros alike.
South, west or east, three oceans and waves of any degree of difficulty – this choice is generously offered to surfers by Australia.
On the east coast, the best time for surfing is summer and autumn (December – June), although the waves come here all year round.
It should be borne in mind that the northern part of the coast of Queensland is closed from the waves by the Great Barrier Reef and a ridge of small islands. In some places, where from time to time small choppy waves bring storms, surfing makes it impossible for box jellyfish, an encounter with which can cost a person his life. Shark encounters are possible in the Brisbane area.
Good surfing opportunities start south of Fraser Island – a large sandy island with beach waves.
All, without exception, the coastline of New South Wales is suitable for surfing.
The stretch between the Queensland border and Byron Bay has plenty of great beach and peak waves.
Great places for surfers are also available in the southwest of Australia where the coast is subject to all the whims of the Southern Ocean. To the north of Albany (Western Australia) there is a place known to many surfers – the mouth of the Margaret River (Margaret River), where on the worst days there are no waves less than two meters high.
The summit of the Ben Lomond Plateau in Tasmania is the second highest point in Australia and reaches 1572 m. The plateau itself is 14 km long, 6 km wide, and the prevailing heights within it exceed 1300 m. Ben Lomond is the main ski area of Tasmania. It is equipped with modern equipment to ensure excellent skiing that starts in July and ends in September. To climb the mountain, there are 3 T-bar lifts and 3 Poma lifts. Here you can rent equipment, as well as hire an instructor. There is a village at the foot of the mountain. The plateau is very picturesque; is a national park where alpine flora and fauna are protected. The road from Hobart to this place takes 2.5 hours.