Types of Tourism in Croatia
Croatia has a history of several millennia, it has absorbed various cultures that have replaced one another. And each of them left its indelible mark on Croatian soil. Many medieval castles are scattered throughout the country, among which are the Bogensperk castle near Litiya with the Valvasor Museum, the ancient Friedrichstein castle (XIV century) on Kochevskaya Gora, the castles of Zhuzhemberk and Khmilnik (XIII century), a rare example of a “water castle” erected on island – Otočec, one of the most famous and majestic in Croatia – Turjak Castle, as well as about 80 summer residences of the nobility, built in the Renaissance style on the territory of the Dubrovnik Riviera and in the northern part of the country.
On the territory of this small country, historical monuments miraculously coexist with unique natural complexes. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Croatia.
If you look at Croatia from above, it is a finely indented coast, pine forests, countless green islands, bordered by a strip of rocky beaches and piercing turquoise water, clear even at a depth of 50 meters. Salty (salt here is 37 ppm, more than in the ocean) The Adriatic Sea is the cleanest here – it is not cleaner in Europe. Just a few meters from the beach there are pine forests where you can hide during the summer heat.
There are three main resort areas in the country: Pula – the Istrian peninsula, Split – Central Dalmatia, Dubrovnik – Southern Dalmatia.
The Istrian peninsula has a picturesque rocky coastline, pine forests and vineyards. The beaches are concrete or rocky with large pebbles. The most popular resorts of the peninsula: Umag, Porec, Rovinj, Pula, Medulin, Duga-Uvala, Rabac, Opatija, Lovran, Brijuni islands.
In Central Dalmatia, the best strip of beaches in the country is located: small pebbles and pine trees that come close to the water. The main resorts of Central Dalmatia: Voditsa, Sibenik, Primoshten, Trogir, Split, Brela, Baska Voda, Makarska, Tucheli, Podgora, the islands of Brac and Hvar.
South Dalmatia is a land of mountains and islands. Here they grow the best oysters in Dalmatia and produce the best wine in Croatia. The beaches are also pebbly, rocky and concrete, and only on the islands in the area Dubrovnik – sandy. The most popular resorts in South Dalmatia are Dubrovnik, Cavtat, Plat, Mlini, the islands of Kolocep and Mljet.
Northeast of the country (within 50 km from Zagreb) – the land of clean ecology and dense forests. Healing hot mineral springs bubble up from the ground here. Thermal spas have been built on them, where diseases of the musculoskeletal system, rheumatic, cardiological and nervous diseases are mainly treated. The unique center “Naftalan” in the city of Ivanich Grad offers procedures with therapeutic oil for the treatment of diseases of the skin, blood vessels, bone and muscle tissue, and the peripheral nervous system. Daruvarske Toplice is a resort where gynecological diseases and infertility are treated. In Central Dalmatia, in Sibenik, a thalassotherapy center has been opened, and therapeutic mud is also widely used.
Croatia is very popular with divers. Interesting places for diving are the following:
On the Istrian peninsula – dive to the sunken passenger ferry Baron Gautsch. It sank in 1914 when it hit an underwater mine. This ferry carried passengers between Kotor and Trieste. The upper deck is at a depth of 28 meters, and the lower deck at 42 meters. The remains of the ship are well preserved, you can admire the interior of the ferry. Recommended for experienced divers.
On the island of Cres dive to the sunken merchant ship Lina. Lina was transporting timber from Rijeka to Sicily, but due to heavy fog, it hit a reef and sank. The remains of the ship are well preserved and lie on the sedimentary bottom. It is possible to visit inside the ship.
Depth: 22-55 meters. Recommended for experienced divers.
The Kornati islands attract a diverse marine world. The island has an underwater rock descending from 3 to 65 meters into the depths of the sea. The sea here is crystal clear, visibility exceeds 40 meters. The wall of the rock is covered with corals, sponges and various kinds of beautiful beautiful fish live around. Dive from beginners to experienced divers.
The sunken merchant ship Taranto is well preserved in Dubrovnik. The ship sank in 1943 after hitting a mine. Scattered around the ship are the remains of cargo, engines, and other parts of the ship. The sunken ship was broken into two parts, the stern went into the sand, and the bow of the ship sticks up at an angle of 45 degrees and lies on an underwater rock. Around the beautiful underwater world.
Depth: 23-55 meters. Recommended for experienced divers.
On the Elaphite Islands – the most beautiful place for diving, a beautiful underwater rock goes into the sea from 3 to 78 meters almost vertically. At a depth of 26 meters there is an underwater cave. Various fish, corals, algae cover the rock. At great depths there are red corals. Dive from beginners to experienced divers.
To observe the underwater world of the Adriatic, you can also choose the ancient town of South Dalmatia – Cavtat. It is located on a peninsula, 20 km south of Dubrovnik. And the largest variety of corals is found on the seabed near the island of Mljet (South Dalmatia).
One of the reasons why tourists choose holidays in Croatia is to enjoy the untouched nature, because Croatia – this is one of the most environmentally friendly places! Many beaches have an award – the “Blue Flag” of UNESCO – for the exemplary cleanliness of the coast and the sea. Most coastal hotels are surrounded by wonderful pine forests, which contribute to the extraordinary purity of the air. To date, 7.5% of the territory here is part of national parks or some other nature reserves. There are 7 national reserves in Croatia.