Types of Tourism in Indonesia
The most popular holiday destination in the archipelago is the island of Bali . Many tourists, when ordering a tour, even think that Bali is an island country, but not Indonesia. There are chic resorts here, and each lagoon is surrounded by tropical rainforests rising up the slopes of volcanoes. Almost all the beaches of the island are municipal, but sunbeds and umbrellas are provided free of charge, since, in general, their rental is already included in the price. The beaches are sandy, in the southeast of Bali the sand is volcanic, black. The Nusa Dua resort is located 10 km south of the airport. This is an elite resort with luxurious hotels. where there are practically no local residents.
The problem of the Indonesian coastal zone is rather strong tides, which occur twice a day, the hotels provide information on the start and end time of this phenomenon. The resort of Kuta is relatively cheap, it is suitable for youth recreation, there are many bars and discos here. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Indonesia.
If you are going to relax with the whole family, then you should go to the resort of Sanur , which is located on the east coast of Bali. The sea is quite calm here, and the Taman Festival Park entertainment center will definitely appeal to children. Sumatra is also suitable for a relaxing holiday., where all the beaches are made of dark volcanic sand, the island of Lombok , the small islands of Gili and Maluku are very popular.
The best dive sites are located north of Jakarta (Palau Damar, Palau Tikus, Palau Pari, Palau Putri, Palau Pelangi, Palau Perak, Palau Papa Teo), near the beaches of Lombok Island (Mawan, Tampa and Mavi), as well as in coastal areas of Bali. In Bali, the main dive center is located in the resort area of Sanur, on the south coast. There is also an underwater park Bunaken, covering an area of 900 square meters. km. On its territory you can see about 50 species of corals, three species of sea turtles, unusual starfish, seahorses, various fish. Visibility under water exceeds 10 m. Coral reefs in the Manado region on the island of Sulawesi are also widely known among divers around the world.
A great place for surfing is the south coast of Bali, and especially Kuta Beach, where the wave is not too high. Notable surf spots are Grajagan in Java and Nias near Sumatra.
Rafting on the mountain rivers of Bali is very popular. and the islands of Kalimantan, where, in addition to rafting, you will enjoy the beautiful nature of the jungle.
has more than 500 volcanoes, 200 of which are active. The most famous volcano is Krakatau, which is located in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Sumatra and Java. In 1883, as a result of its eruption, tens of thousands of people died and the whole island was destroyed. Now a new volcano Anak Krakatoa (the child of Krakatoa) is growing in its place, however, it is impossible to approach it because of the constant eruptions. Indonesian volcanoes are a great place for trekking (hiking). In the area of the mountain resort of Bandung on the island of Java, there is a picturesque volcano Tangkuban Praya, not far from Surabaya, the Bromo volcano is interesting. On the island of Bali the active volcano Agung (3142 m), Kintamini and Gunung Batur (1717 m) are located, in the crater of which there is a lake. The best trekking areas of the island of Sumatra are the vicinity of the Gunung Sinabung and Gunung Sibayak volcanoes. Also on this island you can see the largest crater in Southeast Asia – Toba with an area of 1775 square meters. km.
Nature of Indonesia extremely beautiful and mysterious. The impenetrable jungle covering the slopes of the mountains has become a habitat for a huge number of animals, birds and insects. There are more than 35 National Parks in the country. The following parks are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List: Ujung Kulon (West Java), Komodo (Komodo), Lorenz (Irian Jaya, New Guinea), as well as the parks of the Sumatra Rainforest Heritage project – Kerinci-Seblat National Park (Central Sumatra), Gunung Leuser National Park (Northwest Sumatra) and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park (South Sumatra). Other natural parks are Siberut (West Sumatra), Tanjung Puting (Central Kalimantan), Kutai (East Kalimantan), Meru Betiri (East Java), Alas Purvo (Southeast Java).
The only national park in Bali – Barat – known for its variety of plants and animals. All in all, Bali is a paradise for exploring forest ecosystems: Taman Burung is home to the Bird Park, Desa Taro is the Elephant Park, and Taman Kupu Kupu is the Butterfly Park.
There are about 10 cleanest lakes on the island of Sumatra, including the largest volcanic lake in Southeast Asia – Toba with an area of 1775 square meters. km. In the northern part of Sumatra, there is the country’s largest reserve – Gunung-Luser, which protects the habitats of the rarest Sumatran rhinoceros, tigers, wild bulls and orangutans, as well as relic mountain landscapes and unique rock outcrops. The entire reserve is a beautiful jungle, in the heart of which is the Bohorok Orangutan Rehabilitation Center. More than 5,000 orangutans live here.
The Burbuck Wildlife Refuge is home to one of the largest tiger populations in the world. On the island of Kalimantan, it is worth visiting the Tanjung Puting National Park, which is home to a variety of fauna and flora: crocodiles, orangutans and monkeys. On the island of Komodo (between the islands of Flores and Sumbawa) there is a famous reserve, the habitat of the “Komodoro dragon” (lizard) – the largest reptile on the planet, whose adults can weigh 130 kg.
The excursion program in Indonesia is very exotic. There are many temples and historical monuments.