Types of Tourism in Kazakhstan
A wide variety of excursion routes are offered in Kazakhstan: trips to the historical monuments of the ancient Semiryechye region, where the Almaty region is now located (Tamgaly-Tas tract and Tamgaly canyon with ancient petroglyphs, “Saki mounds” and Besshatyr mounds); to the most ancient cities of the state – Taraz, Turkestan and Chimkent; to the legendary underground mosques and ruins of ancient cities in the Mangistau region; visiting Baikonur Cosmodrome; trips to the natural attractions of the Tien Shan and Altai ranges; boat trips on Lake Balkhash and along the coast of the Caspian Sea and much more.
Some nature reserves in Kazakhstan offer ornithological bird watching tours. Korgalzhyn Reserve
is located 130 km southwest of Astana on the border of Akmola and Karaganda regions. Most of its territory is occupied by salt and fresh water bodies, the largest of which are the flowing lake Korgalzhyn and the drainless lake Tengiz. These lakes are regarded as one of the most important wetlands for migratory birds in Kazakhstan and throughout Asia. In total, more than 300 species of birds live here, including such rare birds as pink flamingos, curly and pink pelicans and ducks. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Kazakhstan.
In the extreme east of the Almaty region, on the border with the East Kazakhstan region, the Alakol nature reserve is located . The reserve was created on an area of 20.7 thousand hectares to preserve the natural world of the Tentek River Delta and the unique populations of relict gulls, beauty bustards, duadak bustards, curly and pink pelicans and ducks. In total, more than 269 species of birds live in the reserve.
In the Kostanay region, 190 km south of Kostanay, on an area of 191.4 thousand hectares, the Naurzum Reserve is spread. The park has a system of fresh lakes Aksuat and fresh and salt lakes Sarymoin. During the years of filling, these lakes are the area of mass nesting of waterfowl and wetland birds. Of the rare birds in the reserve, there are white cranes, pink and curly pelicans. The natural reserve “Akzhaiyk” located in the vicinity of Atyrau is interesting., which was created to protect the Ural River Delta. The reserve is included in the list of wetlands of international importance, because the Siberian-East African migration route of migratory birds runs through it. Here you can see such rare birds as loaf, spoonbill, little egret, Egyptian heron and sultan. During the migration period, thousands of flamingos, curly pelicans, black-headed gulls, swans and lesser white-fronted geese stop in the reserve.
You can also watch birds on the shores of Lake Balkhash . Thousands of birds nest here: cormorants, teals, pheasants, golden eagles, egrets and pelicans.
15 km from Alma-Ata, on the slopes of the Zailiysky Alatau at an altitude of 2200 m, there is a ski resort Chimbulak. It has been operating since 1954. The skiing season in Chimbulak lasts from November to April, the best time is from January to February. The slopes of the resort are suitable for skiers of any skill level. The highest point of the resort is located on the Talgar pass (3163 m). The most difficult trails start from here with a height difference of up to 900 m. Trails for beginners are laid from an altitude of about 2500 m. There are towing cable cars, which are located in close proximity to the hotels. In addition, a snowpark for snowboarding enthusiasts and a playground with a baby lift for the little ones were built in Chimbulak. The infrastructure of the resort includes several hotels cottage type, restaurants, entertainment centers, saunas and swimming pools. Not far from here there are also such ski resorts as “Tabagan” with a total length of tracks of 37 km and the highest mark of 1650 m and “Ak-Bulak” with a maximum mark of 2613 m.
In the eastern part of Kazakhstan, 22 km from Ust-Kamenogorsk, there is a ski base “Altai Alps”. The base has 4 ski slopes: one slope for beginners with a length of 1500 m, two slopes for amateurs with a length of 900 and 1000 m and one slope for professionals with a length of 850 m. You can climb to the tops of the slopes by cable car. In addition, in the “Altai Alps” there are tracks for snowboarders and for sledding and snowtubes. The infrastructure of the ski base includes equipment rental, a ski school, hotels, a swimming pool, a sauna, cafes and restaurants.
Numerous rivers, lakes and reservoirs in Kazakhstan attract not only local fishing enthusiasts, but also fishermen from other countries. First of all, anglers are attracted by the opportunity to go fishing in the waters of the Caspian Sea, where sturgeon fish (beluga, sturgeon, stellate sturgeon), salmon, Caspian sprat, roach, mullet, carp, pike perch and goby live. Fishing on Lake Balkhash is also very popular, where you can catch carp, grass carp, thorn, barbel, trout, marinka, asp, bream, catfish, pike perch and perch. In addition to fishing on the shores of the lake, tourists are offered fishing for catfish in the mouths of the Lepsy and Karatal rivers flowing into the eastern part of Balkhash. Excellent fishing opportunities are available in the southeastern mountainous part of the country. Here are the high-mountain “Kolsai lakes”, where trout is found, Lake Markakol, where fish such as grayling, char, gudgeon and lake uskuch (found only here) live, and Lake Zaisan, where you can catch pike, pike perch and perch. You can also go fishing on the shores of Lake Borovoe, which is located in the northern part of the Akmola region. Fishermen are attracted by a large selection of places to stay.
From the west, Kazakhstan is washed by the waters of the Caspian Sea. Equipped beaches and resort areas on the coast of the Kazakh part of the Caspian Sea are available in the city of Aktau and its environs (to the south of the city). Numerous hotels are offered for accommodation for tourists. and holiday homes, which are cottage villages. The beach season lasts from May to September, the water temperature at this time is kept at +22..+24 degrees. One of the most attractive places for a beach holiday is Kendirli Bay, which is located 250 km south of Aktau. In the future, it is planned to build a highly developed resort area here. Today, the resort of Kendirli, in addition to beaches and cottages, offers tourists restaurants, bars, swimming pools, sports grounds, tennis courts and a health-improving complex where you can improve your health even in winter. Another popular place for recreation is the modern sports and recreation complex “Stigl”, located 18 km from Aktau. This includes three hotels, three restaurants, a billiard room, a bowling alley, a SPA-Center with a large swimming pool and a small heated one for children, with two saunas, a phyto bath, a phyto bar, a gym, massage and beauty parlors, Finnish, Turkish and Russian baths, and sports center for mini-football, tennis, volleyball and basketball.