Types of Tourism in Lithuania
One of the most famous and most environmentally friendly resort areas of the country is Neringa, which is located on the Curonian Spit. The Curonian Spit is a narrow peninsula in the Baltic Sea, separated from the mainland by the Curonian Lagoon. The Lithuanian part of the peninsula is 52 km long. Neringa is the longest city in Lithuania, it consists of four villages – Nida Preila, Prevalka and Juodokrante. In the summer, tourists come here to relax on the beaches and feel the healing properties of the local climate. In addition, Neringa is a national park where you can meet unique plants and see wild animals. The most developed tourist areas of Neringa – Nida and Juodokrante. The beaches here are sandy, they stretch along the entire coast and have a width of 25 to 70 m.. For example, lovers of peace and quiet come to the local village of Pervalka, there are only 38 inhabitants in it! The village consists of several streets with wooden farmsteads, which are surrounded by pine trees.
The most developed resort in Lithuania is Palanga . It is full of tourists all year round. Palanga is located in the north of the Baltic coast. The beaches stretch along the coast for 10 km. All of them are sandy, equipped with changing cabins. Palangais also a major balneological resort. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Lithuania.
Klaipeda is the northernmost port in Lithuania. There are also several beaches here. In the northern part of the city there are three beaches that have been awarded the “blue flag”. Each has drinking water, toilets and other beach infrastructure facilities.
The mild Lithuanian climate and clean air, which is saturated with pine aroma, already have healing properties in themselves. However, the country also has mineral springs, on the basis of which several balneological resorts were founded. The most famous are Druskininkai and Birštonas.
Druskininkai is located in the south of Lithuania, 130 km from Vilnius. There is not a single industrial facility in its vicinity; coniferous forests, lakes and rivers stretch for 30 kilometers around. Druskininkai is famouswith its sodium-calcium waters, medicinal peat and sapropyl. Cardiovascular, gastroenterological, neurological, pulmonological, gynecological diseases, metabolic disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system are treated here. Treatment is carried out with the help of drinking mineral waters, mineral, pearl, carbonic, iodine-bromine, turpentine baths with medicinal herbs, shower-massage, whirlpool baths, application of therapeutic peat mud, galvanic mud, therapeutic exercises, apparatus physiotherapy, halotherapy, inhalations, oxygen cocktails, massages and psychotherapy. One of the miracles of the resort can be called the source of beauty “Grozhis”, one liter of its water contains more than 50 grams of various mineral salts.
Birstonas is also located in the south of Lithuania, 90 km from Vilnius. Birštonas is a resort whose salty springs were known in the Middle Ages: they were described by the crusaders who attacked the castles of Lithuania. Within the resort there are 13 wells with mineral waters (chloride-sodium and calcium-magnesium-sodium). In addition, there are therapeutic peat muds. Local centers treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system, digestive tract, nervous system, oncological, gynecological diseases.
In order to heal, some tourists go to Palanga. Here, curative sea air, sea bathing, sodium-calcium chloride water used for baths and peat mud, therapeutic exercises, all kinds of massages and inhalations help to cope with ailments. Traditionally, people who have problems with the musculoskeletal system, suffering from broncho-pulmonary and neurological diseases go to Palanga. In Palanga, stress is perfectly relieved, sleep is restored, weight loss is compensated.
Lithuania’s nature is unique and diverse, and local authorities strive to preserve it. The country has created many national parks and reserves. Curonian Spit National Park was created in 1987. The Curonian Spit is a sandy peninsula in the Baltic Sea, formed under the influence of water and wind. Here are the highest dunes in Europe. It is designed to protect the natural communities of pine forests, meadows and sandy wastelands, damp alder forests and dry broad-leaved forests. Here you can find a lot of mushrooms and berries, meet deer, nimble squirrels, and in spring or autumn you can witness the mass flight of birds. To visit part of the national park located on the territory of the city of Neringa, a special permit is required. Such permits are not needed to visit Smiltyne and Kopgalis.
Samogitian National Park occupies 20,000 hectares of land, on which the Ploksty Wildlife Reserve, 30 landscape and natural objects are located. In addition to natural objects in the park, there are many monuments of mythology and ethnography, castle ruins, and the remains of ancient places of worship. There are rest houses and campsites in the park.
The oldest park in Lithuania is the Aukstatia National Park. On 30,000 hectares you can admire rolling ridges, river valleys, dense forests and blue lakes. There are more than 100 lakes here, forming intricate water labyrinths.
Dzūkija National Park – the largest national park in Lithuania. Its area is 55,000 hectares. Here you can pick up mushrooms and berries, walk along hiking trails and go on a boat trip.
The pride of Lithuania is also Trakai National Historical and Cultural Park, with a total area of 8,200 hectares. In 1321, Grand Duke Gediminas built a castle in Trakai and moved the capital of Lithuania here.. Now in the park there are two reserves and ten cultural, landscape and natural monuments, as well as about 50 ancient buildings, many archaeological and architectural monuments, which are surrounded by numerous lakes. You can ride a boat on these lakes, fish and swim in clear water, especially since no special permits are required to drive and pass through the park.
In the north of Lithuania there is one of the largest swamps – Kamanos, with an area of more than 215 square meters. km, the thickness of its peat-moss cushion reaches 9 m. The swamp is declared a reserve, and cranes are found on it, as well as on the neighboring Mushos-Tirelis swamp.