Types of Tourism in Romania
Wide sandy beaches stretch along the Black Sea coast of the country, in some places their width reaches 500 m. The sea here is calm and more suitable for a measured family vacation. The main major resorts are Mamaia, Mangalia, Jupiter and the Olymp-Neptune complex. All the beaches of these resorts have been awarded the EU Blue Flag as meeting European standards.
Mamaia is located 3 km north of Constanta on a sandy spit, the length of the local beach is 8 km. This is one of the oldest resorts in Romania, it was opened in 1906. It is also considered the best on the Black Sea coast of Romania. There is a water park here (the first water park in Romania), as well as several spa-centers. The resort complex Olymp-Neptune is located 38 km from Constanta. This is a modern resort with a variety of recreational opportunities. Olympus Neptune is surrounded by an oak forest. In Mangalia there is one of the widest beaches of the coast, its width is 400-500m. It is located 8 km from the border with Bulgaria at the same latitude as Nice. Nearby you can relax in the Jupiter resort (40 km from Constanta). Among young people, the resort of Costinesti is very popular, where even at night a hectic life is in full swing in restaurants, bars and discos. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Romania.
IN ROMANIA diving is popular in the southern part of the Black Sea coast. The Black Sea is a great place for this sport – because there are no fast undercurrents and dangerous inhabitants of the sea. Underwater visibility off the coast of Romaniais from 3 to 6 meters. When diving, you can see crabs, mussels, seahorses, jellyfish, and if you’re lucky – dolphins.
Not only the sea is suitable for diving, but also the lakes of Romania. For example, Lake Belize, which was formed due to the construction of a dam. Previously, this place was a village with an old chapel, but now this place is flooded, only occasionally the upper part of the chapel is shown from the water. Visibility in the lake can reach 15 m, water temperature in summer is about 10 degrees Celsius, immersion depth is up to 30 m.
Romania hosts one third of Europe’s mineral springs and thermal waters. The most popular balneological resorts are Baile Felix, Covansa, Baile Herculanee, Slanic Moldova and Efori Nord.
Efori-Nord is located on Lake Techirghiol, 14 km from Constanta. In Efori-Nord, degenerative rheumatism, articular rheumatism, gynecological diseases and the consequences of injuries are prevented. Treatment is carried out with the help of sapropelic mud and concentrated salt water of Lake Techirghiol, sea water and marine bioclimate rich in salt aerosols. Heliotherapy and thalassotherapy procedures are carried out on the shores of the lake. On the entire Black Sea coast of Romania, especially near large resort centers, there are balneological resorts. Here, with the help of sapropelic mud, rheumatic, gynecological and skin diseases, metabolic disorders are treated and rejuvenation courses are carried out.
In the Carpathians in northeastern Romania, in the valley of the Slanic River, lies the resort of Slanic-Moldova. Its height above sea level is 530 m. It is known for more than 20 mineral springs. The waters of these springs, combined with a tonic-stimulating climate and the purity of ionized air, are used in the treatment of diseases of the digestive tract. 18 km from the Slanic-Moldova resort in the town of Tirgu-Okna there is an underground medical sanatorium. It is located at a depth of 130 m in a salt mine.
Resort Baile Olanesti located in the Southern Carpathians. Here, sulphurous, chloride, weakly iodine, bromine, sodium and magnesium mineral waters are used for treatment, but mineral water N o 24, which removes sand and stones from the body, is especially popular. Here, neglected dermatitis and psoriasis are treated with injections of mineral water.
Sovata is located in the center of Transylvania, in the Carpathians at an altitude of about 500 m above sea level, 60 km from the town of Targu Mures. It is known for the natural and therapeutic value of the Ursu solar thermal salt lake. Sovata specializes in the treatment of gynecological diseases, as well as diseases of the musculoskeletal system. Therapeutic factors of the resort: sodium chloride waters of the heliothermal lake, sapropelic mud and heliotherapy.
The resort of Kovance is located at an altitude of 564 m above sea level. He specializes in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, hypertension and varicose veins. The treatment is carried out with the help of a carbon dioxide mofet, which leads to the expansion of blood vessels and improves the functioning of the heart, electro-physiotherapy (ultrasounds, electrophoresis, galvanic bath), hydro-thermotherapy (massage, shower, underwater massage), as well as with the help of acupuncture. Baile Felix resort is located in the northwest of Romania. Its thermal waters are unique – these are radon waters, as well as soda, sulfated and sodium mineral waters. With their help, as well as with the use of sapropelic mud, pools with thermal mineral water, articular, degenerative and inflammatory rheumatism, the consequences of injuries, peripheral neuralgia and gynecological diseases are treated at the resort.
Another popular resort is Kachulata. The waters of the resort were used by the Romans, who built fortresses and baths in the vicinity of the springs. Now hydrotherapy, electro- and physiotherapy with the use of ultraviolet rays, for ionization, dry massage, light baths, cupeto showers and baths with infusions of medicinal herbs are carried out here.
To the territory of Romania spurs of the Carpathians emerge in its northeastern part. It is in them that the ski resorts are located – Sinaia, Bushteni, Predeal, Poiana Brasov. The ski season here lasts from December to March.
The resort town of Sinai is located in the valley of the Prakhova River in the Southern Carpathians. The height of the tracks here reaches 2000 m above sea level. For skiers, there are 10 slopes with a height difference of up to 100 to 500 m, cross-country skiing tracks with a length of 8 and 5 km, a bobsleigh chute with 13 turns, a length of 1,500 m and a height difference of 300 m, there are opportunities for sledding. Predeal resort has an altitude of 1160 m above sea level. There are 10 runs here, one of which has a high level of difficulty with a height difference of about 400 m.
The Poiana Brasov resort is considered to be the elite and most beautiful ski resort in Romania. The maximum height difference is 775 m. There are 8 slopes within the resort, the average length of each is about 2,500 m, 5 lifts deliver tourists to the slopes. The Vatra Dornei resort is both a ski resort and a balneological resort. Its height is 800 m above sea level. In addition to mountain skiing, with the help of mofeta, peat mud, mineral waters (carbonic, ferruginous, slightly soda, sodium, calcium, magnesium and hypotonic), as well as a special bioclimate, they help in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases, diseases of the musculoskeletal system and digestion. In the resort of Bushteni there are the most modern lifts, and snow cannons are controlled by a computer. Lift capacity – 1200 tourists per hour. 4 snow guns are controlled by a computer that constantly analyzes the temperature and snow cover. Ski slopes are located at an altitude of 880 m and have a length of 300 to 3000 m.
In Romania, the Danube Delta is especially suitable for fishing. Although this is a protected area, you can fish on any lake or in any river throughout the year, except for the period from April 1 to May 31. Romania is a favorite place for fishermen who dream of catching huge carp.