Types of Tourism in Tunisia
Tunisia is rich in its cultural and historical heritage. Among the numerous attractions, the most famous are several historical and archaeological complexes that attract the attention of tourists. First of all, this is Utica, one of the first Phoenician colonies, which was founded in 1101 BC. Carthage – one of the small wonders of the world, the capital of the Carthaginian Empire, was founded in 814 BC. Mostly the remains of Roman buildings have survived – the Capitol, the amphitheater, the grandiose baths of Antoninus, as well as Byzantine churches. Finds from the ruins of Carthage are stored here, in the museum “Lavigerie”. The most interesting monuments of the Muslim Middle Ages are concentrated in Tunisia, Kairouan, Sousse, Monastir, Mahdia, Sfax. Tunis is the capital and main port of the country, founded by the Phoenicians in the 10th century BC. The most interesting medieval part of Tunisia – Medina. The second early monument of Tunisia is the cubic domed mausoleum of the Kharasanis. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Tunisia.
Lovers of picturesque landscapes, wildlife can make a trip from the north to the south of the country. The route, about 600 km long, starts from the Mediterranean coast and goes through the very beautiful Atlas mountain ranges, covered with cork oak forests, where Mejerda carries its waters. There are picturesque canyons in its valley.
From the north and east Tunisia washed by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. It warms up well during the summer, and until October inclusive, the water temperature does not drop below +20 degrees. All beaches in the country are sandy.
Hammamet is the greenest and most picturesque resort in Tunisia. Most tourists come here to combine traditional beach holidays with intensive wellness treatments.
Souss. The beaches of this resort are considered one of the best in Tunisia and are inferior in quality of sand only to the beaches of Mahdia. This resort is famous for its vibrant nightlife, discos and casinos.
Monastir is located on the coast, 24 km south of the city of Sousse. From the north to Monastir adjacent resort area Skanes, next to which is the main international airport in the region. Nature of rest: calm and unhurried.
Mahdia is located 45 km south of the city of Monastir, on a small cape jutting out into the sea. This is the southernmost resort in Tunisia. It is more suitable for supporters of a quiet secluded holiday.
Therapeutic and wellness holidays.
The indisputable “highlight” of tourist Tunisia is thalassotherapy (a series of therapeutic and tonic procedures that use sea water heated to a temperature of 33 degrees, seaweed and sea mud).
Thalassotherapy centers are located in a number of hotels in Hammamet, Sousse, Monastir and on the island of Djerba.
Despite the presence of the Atlas Mountains in the country, ski tourism in the country is not developed.
History in Tunisia
Tunisia has a very rich history. At first it was part of the Carthaginian Empire. According to legend, the Phoenicians founded the city of Carthage in 814 BC. Over time, the city became the center of a powerful empire. Starting from 264 BC. Carthage waged wars with the Roman Empire (the so-called Punic). In 149-146 years. BC, as a result of the Third Punic War, Carthage was destroyed. From II-III centuries. AD Tunisia becomes a province of the vast and prosperous Roman Empire – Roman Africa. In the Middle Ages, it was from here that Arab influence and Islam spread to the south, west and north. In the 5th century, the territory of Roman Africa fell under the rule of the Vandals, and from the 7th to the 16th century, Arab conquerors ruled on the territory of modern Tunisia. In the 16th century Tunisia fell under the rule of Turkey, and at the end of the 19th century. (1881) France occupies Tunisia. The landed property of the Tunisians is transferred to the French colonists. In 1956, the country’s independence was proclaimed, and in 1957 Tunisia became a republic. The country is a member of the UN, the League of Arab States, the Organization of African Unity.