Types of Tourism in Austria
The capital of Austria — Vienna is very beautiful. This is a traditional European city, famous for its many cozy cafes, where coffee is brewed according to various recipes. Vienna has more than 80 museums and many parks, including the so-called “light Vienna” – the protected Vienna Woods. The cities of Eisenstadt are known all over the world, where in the second half of the 18th century the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn served at the princely court of Esterhazy and where the international Haydn Music Festival is held annually in September; Salzburgwhere Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born and where the Salzburg Music Festival is held annually from the end of July to the end of August, the program of which necessarily includes works by Mozart; Bregenz with its huge Lake Stage, where the Bregenz Festival is held in July-August, and Linz – one of the most important cultural centers in Europe, where numerous museums, theaters, concert and exhibition halls are located. Check top-medical-schools.org for travel information in Austria.
An integral part of the excursion program of Austria is visiting ancient cities and medieval castles. Be sure to visit one of the most beautiful Renaissance palaces Schallaburg in St. Pölten; “Land of castles” Burgenland: Esterhazy Castle in Eisenstadt and castles located on the “road of castles” near the border with Hungary; Schloss Egenberg Castle in Graz, which houses the Alte Gallery with paintings and sculptures from the Romanesque period to the late Baroque, and the largest Austrian Baroque fortress Riegersburg located near Graz; the castle of Linz, which has been the residence of Emperor Frederick III since the 15th century; the Hohensalzburg fortress in Salzburg; as well as the fortresses of Carinthia – Petersberg, Landskron and Gmund.
European wine connoisseurs are offered trips to the main wine regions of the country: the Wachau Valley, located north of St. Pölten, and the southern part of Styria, where the famous “Wine Road” passes south of Graz.
IN AUSTRIA There are a number of health resorts. Treatment takes place with the help of mineral, thermal springs, therapeutic mud, as well as clean air and picturesque nature. The names of Austrian balneological resorts begin with the word “Bad”, which in German means “bath”.
The most popular and prestigious place of treatment is Baden . And it is popular because it is located near the capital of the country – Vienna, so treatment in Baden can be combined with an interesting excursion program. Baden has sulfur sources, which are used to prevent diseases of the musculoskeletal system, rheumatic diseases, chronic fatigue and increase vitality. South of Baden also located are thermal spas such as Bad Woslau, Bad Fischau, where the Crystal Therm spa operates, and Laa. The Laa baths are considered the most modern baths in Austria.
In the land of Salzburg, 80 km from Salzburg, on the northern slopes of the Hohe Tauern mountain range, there is one of the most famous thermal resorts in Europe – Bad Gastein . He gained fame in the 15th century, when the Duke of Styria, Frederick, was cured of gangrene by local waters. Total in Bad Gastein there are 18 thermal springs enriched with radon and nitrogen, with a water temperature of +47 degrees. These waters help in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory tract, musculoskeletal system and joints. Another resort is located 8 km north – Bad Hofgashain. Bad Hofgastein is a more modern resort than the aristocratic Bad Gastein. There is an ultra-modern Spa Center with thermal pools, massage rooms and saunas. The peculiarity of these two resorts is that they are located in the mountains and offer unlimited opportunities for skiing.
You can combine treatment and skiing in the resort of Bad Kleinkirchheim , which is located in the northern part of Carinthia. Here, on the basis of local hot springs, 2 thermal complexes are equipped, which can be visited for free with a ski pass (subscription for lifts and buses in the ski region). The thermal complexes also offer a wide variety of wellness treatments, including mud wraps, massages, saunas and baths.
On the territory of Upper Austria, in the picturesque lake district of the Salzkammergut, there is a balneological resort Bad Ischl , which is known as the “Royal Spa”, because here, since the 19th century, representatives of the imperial family of the Habsburgs have been treated. Even today, Bad Ischl is a world-class resort. Spa Bad Ischl specializes in the treatment of diseases of the respiratory system, digestion, musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system, gynecological diseases. For this, sodium chloride, sulfate sodium chloride and sulfide waters, as well as silt sulfide muds are used.
Many healing springs are also discovered in the eastern part of Styria. Here, 50 km east of Graz in the town of Bad Blumau the thermal spa “Rogner Bad Blumau” is located. It operates on the basis of three local healing hot springs with water temperatures from +47 to +110 degrees. The local waters are alkaline hydrocarbonate sodium-magnesium-calcium. With their help, metabolic disorders, diseases of the intestines, liver and biliary tract are treated. Also in the east of Styria are small thermal spas such as Bad Gleichenberg, Bad Radkersburg, Bad Waltersdorf, Köflach and Loipersdorf.
ECO – TOURISM AND HIKING
Along the hiking trails laid here, you can travel not only in summer, but also in winter. There are also opportunities for hiking in the protected areas of Austria. These include National Park Donau-Auen, located on the eastern outskirts of Vienna, and “Vienna Forest”, extending over 1250 square meters. km southwest of Vienna, the Tayatal National Park north of St. Pölten on the border with the Czech Republic, and the Neusiedler See-Seewinkel National Park, protecting the country’s largest lake Neusiedlersee (15 km east of Eisenstadt), its reeds and their inhabitants. But still, the most exciting routes pass through the National Parks of the Eastern Alps: the Gesäuse National Park and the Dachstein-Tauern mountain range in the north of Styria, the Kalkalpen National Park (southeast of Linz), the Nockberg National Park in the north of Carinthia, and the largest national park of the Alps – High Tauern.